Natural Capital Accounting and Valuation of Ecosystem Services - Brazil
Mainstreaming biodiversity and ecosystem services into policy through natural capital accounting
The Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE, for its acronym in Portuguese) is the lead institution implementing the European Union- funded project Natural Capital Accounting and Valuation of Ecosystem Services (NCAVES) in Brazil, in collaboration with a range of other national partners such as the National Water Agency (ANA), National Forest System (SNF) and the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ).
Project activities and results
The activities and related outputs of the project NCAVES in Brazil include:
Compilation of a range of ecosystem accounts and studies at the national level:
- Ecosystem extent accounts: The publication, “Ecosystem Accounts: Land Use in Brazilian Biomes (2000-2018)”, was released on 24 September 2020
- Biodiversity / Species accounts. The publication, Ecosystem Accounts: Endangered Species in Brazil, 2014, was released on 5 November 2020.
- The second release of the water accounts “Environmental-economic accounts for water” was jointly published by the national water agency (ANA) and IBGE on 7 May 2020. English translation of the accounts was published in August
- Experimental statistics on the valuation of water, ecosystem condition accounts (of water), as well as non-timber forest accounts assessing provisioning services in physical and monetary units (forthcoming).
Pilot accounts in the MATOPIBA region
The Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ) is developing pilot accounts for the MATOPIBA region as well as conducting scenario analysis to model the effects of land use and land cover changes on river discharge and soil loss in areas undergoing a rapid expansion of mechanized agriculture in Brazil, which is the case of the Rio Grande River Basin, the second fastest advancing agricultural frontier.
A Road Map that describes a 5-year implementation plan for advancing and the further development of the SEEA accounts in Brazil is being developed in consultation with stakeholders on the basis of an assessment of activities and initiatives related to environmental-economic accounting.
The SEEA in Brazil
Since 2012, when the SEEA Central Framework came into force, the IBGE has been leading the development of several efforts related to this international standard. Environmental-Economic Accounts started to be seen in some Brazilian institutions as a key tool for an effective public management of natural resources
The first accounts launched were the Environmental-Economic Accounts for Water (EEA-W) in Brazil, in March 2018, in a partnership between IBGE and the National Water Agency (ANA), as a result of the GIZ funded regional-local TEEB project which had a pillar on Natural capital accounting. These accounts provide important information on water usage and water efficiency.
The Monitoring of Land Use and Land Change (LULC) was first launched by IBGE in 2015 and in 2018 was organized according to SEEA-CF Land Accounts, becoming the second account launched in Brazil.
In 2017, with the launch of the project NCAVES in Brazil, IBGE started testing the methodology of the SEEA Experimental Ecosystem Accounting and compiling a range of experimental ecosystem accounts at national level.