Road to the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework
As the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 is reaching its end, negotiations are underway for the creation of a new global biodiversity framework under the auspices of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). This page is regularly updated with recent developments, upcoming milestones, resources and opportunities for engagement for the SEEA community with regards to the post-2020 global biodiversity framework.
The work on the post-2020 global biodiversity framework is well underway—more than 1000 delegates from more than 140 countries met in Rome earlier this year, in February, at the second meeting of the Open-ended Working Group (OEWG-2) to discuss the zero draft of the framework, which had been prepared by the co-chairs of the OEWG. As detailed in a press release by the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), the first round of negotiations took place during the meeting, with representatives of all levels of government and of all stakeholder groups offering comments and recommendations on the zero draft and its various elements.
Several outcomes of the meeting have significance for how the SEEA can serve as a measurement framework for the post-2020 global biodiversity framework while contributing to biodiversity mainstreaming. The role of natural capital accounting and the SEEA had been already mentioned in target 13 of the zero draft, which called for the integration of biodiversity values into national and local planning, development processes, poverty reduction strategies and accounts, thus ensuring that by 2030 biodiversity values are mainstreamed across all sectors.
Parties raised a number of suggestions to this target and others, a summary of which can be found here. Another key outcome was the proposed inclusion of an action target in the zero draft that addresses climate change as a major direct driver of biodiversity loss. Given the broad scope of the SEEA, it is well placed to inform the interrelationships between biodiversity and climate change in terms of both ecosystems and the services they provide, as well as individual environmental assets (e.g. energy, timber, etc).
Next steps include the twenty-fourth meeting of the Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice at its twenty-fourth meeting (SBSTTA-24), which will carry out a scientific and technical review of the draft goals and targets, as well as related indicators and baselines under the proposed monitoring framework of the post-2020 global biodiversity framework. SBSTTA-24 is planned to take place from 17 to 22 August 2020 in Montreal, Canada. Given the potential role of SEEA in the monitoring framework, it is tentatively planned to hold a side-event on the SEEA during this meeting, involving several countries. In addition, the third meeting of the Subsidiary Body on Implementation (SBI 3) will be held from 24 to 29 August 2020, also in Montreal Canada.
Based on the outcomes of OEWG-2 in Rome and the meetings of the two subsidiary bodies in August, the co-chairs are tasked to prepare a first draft of the post-2020 global biodiversity framework, to be considered by the Open-ended Working Group at its third meeting. In addition, a Summit on Biodiversity to be held during the UN General Assembly in September 2020 will provide a unique opportunity to demonstrate ambition to accelerate action on biodiversity for sustainable development. However, it should be noted that due to the current situation regarding COVID-19, COP-15 will be postponed; its new dates will be communicated in due course.
In addition, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has decided to postpone the IUCN World Conservation Congress 2020, planned to be held in Marseille, to 7-15 January 2021. During the Congress, members of IUCN, which include governments, civil society and indigenous people’s organizations, vote to approve motions that once approved and adopted become important resolutions and recommendations. One of these motions, sponsored by Conservation International, several governments and non-governmental organizations, is Motion 070: “Accounting for Biodiversity: Encompassing Ecosystems, Species, and Genetic Diversity.” This motion supports the derivation of indicators using the SEEA for the post-2020 global biodiversity framework and calls for members to support implementation of the SEEA. Voting for this motion is currently open until May.