The Global Assessment of Environmental-Economic Accounting and Supporting Statistics is a survey administered under the auspices of the UN Committee of Experts on Environmental Economic Accounting (UNCEEA). The aim of the Global Assessment is to assess the status and progress of implementation of the SEEA in countries and to provide data for SDG indicator 15.9.1. The Committee defines implementation in three progressive stages: 1) compilation (including pilot compilation); 2) compilation and dissemination; and 3) regular compilation and dissemination. More information on how the Committee views implementation can be found here.
The Assessment serves to gain a better understanding of national SEEA implementation, including institutional and funding arrangements, countries’ priorities and future plans for implementing accounts, technical assistance received and provided, and the use of the accounts. The review also helps assess the support required by countries for implementing the SEEA. The survey was first administered to the national statistical offices of UN Member States and additional territories in 2006. It was again administered in 2014, 2017, and most recently in 2020.
According to the 2020 Assessment, 89 countries have implemented the SEEA. Of these 89 countries, 62 (70 per cent) publish at least one account on a regular basis (stage III); 11 (12 per cent) publish their accounts on an ad-hoc basis (stage II); while 16 countries (18 per cent) compile, but do not yet publish their accounts (stage I). The 2020 Assessment also indicated that 27 countries were planning to start compiling the accounts.
Figure 1: SEEA implementation, 2020
Note: The designations employed and the presentation of material on this map do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. Final boundary between the Republic of Sudan and the Republic of South Sudan has not yet been determined. Final status of the Abyei area is not yet determined. * Non-Self-Governing Territory. ** Dotted line represents approximately the Line of Control in Jammu and Kashmir agreed upon by India and Pakistan. The final status of Jammu and Kashmir has not yet been agreed upon by the parties. *** A dispute exists between the Governments of Argentina and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland concerning sovereignty over the Falkland Islands (Malvinas).
The 2020 Assessment show a steady increase in the number of countries compiling the SEEA over time. The 2020 results correspond to a 29 per cent increase in implementation compared to the 2017 Assessment. The increase in the number of developing countries implementing the SEEA has been even higher; the 2020 Assessment indicated an increase in implementation of 47 per cent between the 2017 and 2020 Assessments.
Figure 2: Number of countries implementing the SEEA over the years
The 2020 Assessment also provided valuable information on how the accounts are used. The vast majority of countries implementing the SEEA indicated that they used the accounts for both SDG reporting and to inform national priorities.
Click here to learn more about the results of the 2006, 2008, 2014 and 2017 Global Assessments.